Temperate Oceans Animals

Greenland Halibut
Greenland Halibut
Class: Fishes: 4 classes Diet: Fish, crustaceans, squid
Order: Pleuronectiformes: Flatfishes
Size: 80 cm - 1.2 m (31 1/2 in - 4 ft)
Family: No Fish family information Conservation Status: Near threatened
Scientific Name: Reinhardtius hippoglossoides Habitat: deep waters at 200 - 2,000 m (650 - 6,600 ft)
Range: Northern Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Norwegian Sea, Iceland, Greenland, coasts of North America as far south as New Jersey; Northern Pacific Ocean: Bering Sea and Sea of Okhotsk, south to California and Japan

Size of Greenland HalibutAn active predator, the Greenland halibut hunts in mid-waters rather than on the seabed, feeding on fish, crustaceans and squid. In keeping with its habits, it is more symmetrical in body form than most flatfishes and has a blind side almost as dark as its eyed side. Although both eyes are on the right side, the upper eye is at the edge of the head, giving a larger field of vision than is usual for flatfishes. The large jaws are equipped with strong, fanglike teeth.  Spawning occurs in deep water in summertime; eggs and larvae float freely until the metamorphosis to adult form is complete.

Range of Greenland Halibut
Copyright © 2003 Missouri Botanical Garden
MBGnet Home