Forest Animals

Rat Snake
Rat Snake
Class: Reptilia: Reptiles Diet: Small mammals
Order: Squamata: Lizards and Snakes
Size: 86 cm - 2.5 m (33 3/4 in - 8 1/4 ft)
Family: Colubridae: Colubrine Snakes Conservation Status: Non-threatened 
Scientific Name: Elaphe obsoleta Habitat: forest, swamps, farmland, wooded slopes
Range: Southern Canada; USA: Vermont to Minnesota, south to Texas and Florida; Northern Mexico

Size of Rat SnakeA large, powerful species, the rat snake tolerates a variety of habitats in wet and dry situations. There are 6 or more subspecies, which occur in one of three main color patterns: plain, blotched or striped. It is an agile snake, good at climbing, and hunts rodents and other small mammals, birds and lizards in trees and in barns or ruined buildings. Usually active during the day, it may tend to be nocturnal in summer. In much of its range, it hibernates throughout the winter.  Rat snakes mate in spring and autumn. The female lays 5 to 30 eggs in leaf debris or under a rock or log. The eggs hatch in 2 to 4 months, depending on the temperature: the warmer the weather, the quicker they hatch.

Range of Rat Snake
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