|Class: Aves: Birds
Passeriformes: Perching birds
- 23 cm (7 3/4 - 9 in)
Cardinals and Grosbeaks
edge, thickets, parks, gardens
Canada: Southern Ontario; U.S.A.: Great Lakes and New England, south to
Gulf Coast, Southern Texas and Arizona; Mexico, Guatemala
male cardinal is an unmistakable, brilliant red bird, while the female
is buffy-brown, with a reddish tinge on wings and crest and a red bill.
Cardinals are strongly territorial and aggressive birds and have a rich
and varied repertoire of songs; both sexes are heard singing at all times
of year. They feed on the ground and in trees on seeds and berries and,
in the breeding season, also take insects. The female builds the nest on
a branch of a small tree or bush, usually among tangled foliage and vines.
She incubates the 3 or 4 eggs for 12 or 13 days. Two or more broods may