Black Bear
Black Bear
Class: Mammalia: Mammals  Diet: Fruit, nuts, roots, honey, insects, fish, small mammals 
Order: Carnivora: Carnivores 
Size: body: 1.5 - 1.8 m (5 - 6 ft), tail: 12 cm (4 3/4 in) 
Family: Ursidae: Bears  Conservation Status: Non-threatened 
Scientific Name: Ursus americanus  Habitat: wooded areas, swamps, national parks 
Range: Alaska; Canada; USA: patchy distribution in New England through Pennsylvania to Tennessee, Florida to Louisiana, mountainous areas of the west; Northern Mexico 

Size of Black BearBlack bears actually vary in color from glossy black to dark brown, reddish-brown or almost white. There is often a small white patch on the chest. Originally found throughout much of the USA, this bear now lives only in the wilder, uninhabited areas and in national parks, where it is thriving and on the increase. Occasionally seen in daytime, black bears are usually active at night, when they roam for long distances in search of food such as fruit, berries, nuts, roots and honey. They also feed on insects, rodents and other small mammals, stranded fish and even carrion and refuse. Their sense of smell is good, but their hearing and eyesight are only fair. In autumn, black bears gorge on the ample supplies of fruit to fatten themselves for their long sleep during the coldest weather. After mating, pairs separate, and except for females with cubs, black bears are usually solitary. A litter of 1 to 4 young is born in January or February after a gestation of about 7 months.

Range of Black Bear
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