Shorelines Animals

Harbor Seal
Harbor Seal
Class: Mammalia: Mammals Diet: Fish, squid, crustaceans
Order: Pinnipedia: Pinnipeds
Size: 1.4 - 1.8 m (4 1/2 - 6 ft)
Family: Phocidae: Seals Conservation Status: Non-threatened
Scientific Name: Phoca vitulina Habitat: temperate and subarctic coastal waters
Range: North Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans

Size of Harbor SealThe harbor seal has a proportionately large head and short body and flippers. Although often gray with dark blotches, these seals vary considerably in coloration, and spots may be light gray to dark brown or black. Males are larger than females. Generally nonmigratory, the harbor seal often hauls out on protected tidal rocks and even travels up rivers and into lakes. It feeds mostly during the day on fish, squid and crustaceans and has been known to make dives lasting 30 minutes, although they normally last only 4 or 5 minutes.  Courtship and mating take place in water. The single pup is closely guarded by its mother and suckles for 2 to 6 weeks. Born in an advanced state of development, the pup can swim from birth and dive for 2 minutes when 2 or 3 days old. After weaning, the pup is left alone, and the mother mates again.

Range of Harbor Seal
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