Temperate Oceans Animals

Atlantic Salmon
Atlantic Salmon
Class: Fishes: 4 classes Diet: Crustaceans
Order: Salmoniformes: Salmon
Size: up to 1.5 m (5 ft)
Family: No Fish family information Conservation Status: Non-threatened
Scientific Name: Salmo salar Habitat: open seas; rivers
Range: Northern Atlantic Ocean: Greenland to Cape Cod; Arctic coast of Russia, south to Northern Spain

Size of Atlantic SalmonThe best known of its family, the Atlantic Salmon is a long-bodied, rounded fish with a slightly forked tail. There are some salmon in inland lakes, but most are migratory, moving from their natal river out to sea and then back to the river to spawn.  The salmon enter the river at different times but all spawn in the winter. Breeding males develop hooked protuberances on their lower jaws. Having excavated a shallow nest in the gravel of the riverbed, the female lays her eggs while the male lies next to her fertilizing them. The eggs overwinter and hatch the following spring. After spending 2 to 6 years in the river, the salmon go out to sea, returning to spawn from 1 to 4 years later. Unlike Pacific salmon, Atlantic salmon can spawn more than once in their lifetime.

Range of Atlantic Salmon
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