Temperate Oceans Animals

Smooth Hammerhead
Smooth Hammerhead
Class: Fishes: 4 classes Diet: Fish
Order: Lamniformes: Sharks
Size: 44.3 m (14 ft)
Family: No Fish family information Conservation Status: Lower risk – Near threatened
Scientific Name: Sphyrna zygaena Habitat: coastal and inshore waters
Range: Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans: tropical and warm temperate areas

Size of Smooth HammerheadThe smooth hammerhead is one of 10 species of hammerhead shark, all of which have flattened projections at the sides of the head, hence their name. The eyes are positioned on the outer edges of these lobes, and the nostrils also are spread far apart. The advantages of this head shape are not clear, but it may be that the shark gains some improvement of its sensory abilities from the spacing out of eyes and nostrils or that the head shape improves maneuverability or simply increases lift.  The smooth hammerhead feeds on fish, particularly rays, and also scavenges on occasion. In summer, it makes regular migrations to cooler waters. Hammerheads have been known to attack humans and are thought to be aggressive sharks.

Range of Smooth Hammerhead
Copyright © 2006 Missouri Botanical Garden
MBGnet Home