Wetlands Animals

Two-toed Amphiuma
Two-toed Amphiuma
Class: Amphibia: Amphibians Diet: Crustaceans
Order: Urodela: Newts and Salamanders
Size: 45 cm - 1.2 m (17 3/4 - 4 ft)
Family: Amphiumidae: Amphiumas Conservation Status: Non-threatened
Scientific Name: Amphiuma means Habitat: swamps, bayous, drainage ditches
Range: USA: Southeastern Virginia to Florida, Eastern Louisiana

Size of Two-toed AmphiumaThis aquatic salamander has tiny, virtually useless limbs, each with two toes. Mainly active at night, it hunts in water for crayfish, frogs, small snakes and fish and may come onto land in extremely wet weather. It takes refuge during the day in a burrow it digs in the mud or takes over the burrow of another creature.  Two-toed amphiumas mate in water, and the female lays about 200 eggs in a beadlike string. The female coils around the eggs as they lie on the bottom and protects them until they hatch about 5 months after being laid. When the larvae hatch, they are about 5 cm (2 in) long; their tiny limbs are of more use to them at this stage than when they metamorphose to adult form, at about 7.5 cm (3 in) long. The three-toed amphiuma, Amphiuma tridactylum, also found in the southern USA, is similar in appearance and habits but has three toes on each of its tiny limbs.

Range of Two-toed Amphiuma
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